Securing lives and properties is a social contract between citizens and the government, thus every citizens of a country surrenders his/her rights to the government in exchange for the government to protect their lives and properties; section 14(b) of the 1999 constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria says “the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of government”. However, the people of Rafi Local Government Area of Niger state had lost their rights to the protection of their lives and properties from the Government and have resolved to seek spiritual means.



An average person in Rafi LGA is a farmer – farming is the major source of livelihood in the community. Unfortunately due to the activities of kidnappers and armed bandits, the farmers can no longer go to farm to cultivate due to the terrific situation. They are scared for lives while farmlands are been set ablaze, hunger and poverty stucking around like a ghost in the night. Before this, farmers used dividends gotten from farming to sponsor their children to school although a large number of children in the community still roamed the streets seeking shelter and food. The advent of the activities of bandits caused schools to shut down as most people of these communities dispersed for safety.



On health sector, the few medical doctors in Kagara, the Local Government Headquarter are scared of these outrageous activities of kidnappers, hence they operate for few hours and flee back to Minna the state capital to avoid been kidnapped; this has led to some avoidable deaths. The activities of bandits are terrifying and have affected all aspects of the Sustainable Development Goals in the community. Insecurities in this Local Government is highly underreported, as such youths of the community under the leadership of Nazifi Sani stage a peaceful online protest against the innocent killings in kagara and nearby villages. According to Nazifi “in efforts to curtail the menace of insecurity challenges I decided to flag up this great initiatives on social media as part of the global way of sending meaningful information to the near authorities by calling the attention of the Government in tackling this insurgency in our local communities”.



A 6 years old girl can been seen pleading the government to intervene as they now live in fear and hunger, according to Aisha Sani Abdullahi, “we are hungry and our parents cannot go to farm” can an hungry 6 year old Aisha think about going to school? I want to appeal to the government that their best is not good enough, they should do more, I am also appealing to local and international NGOs to come to the aid of our people, our older parents are living in fear, our youth cannot go farm, our women are at the receiving end of this calamity, some have turned to street beggers. For the love for peace, solidarity and humanity set us free from this bondage of armed bandits.



Abdullateef Lawal

Youth Leader



Rising Insecurity In Nigeria: Causes And Solutions.

Insecurity is simply defined as uncertainty or anxiety about oneself. The primary responsibility of every government is to protect the lives and properties of its people. This is entrenched in the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria section 14(b) that, “the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of government”.

Prevailing situations like kidnapping, terrorism, communal crisis, sovereignty agitation, farmer’s-herder’s clashes and Islamic movement of Nigeria riots portrays that the government has failed in executing its primary responsibility.

It is also alarming that national security threat keeps increasing in various forms and dimensions, yet there seems to be no proper measures to put an end to it.

In 2019, the federal government budgeted 1.76 trillion naira for national security and 1.81 trillion naira in 2020. This seems to be grossly insufficient in tackling the security issues bedeviling the nation.

Insecurity is a global challenge. One will wonder why a country like United States, despite its sophisticated military apparatus, still faces security threat.

No amount of security meetings, money spent on arms and ammunition, local or international support can bring about our desired results if the causes of insecurity are not addressed.

Affirmatively, security is everyone’s responsibility; government officials, royal and religious leaders, academia and citizens must participate in tackling this insecurity.

There are many controversies regarding the underlying causes of our national insecurity. Most scholars argue it to be vastly political, while others point to the high rate of unemployment and other situational issues.

These arguments are not far from the facts as they highlight different parts of the same problem. There are seven major causal factors of our national insecurity, namely; high unemployment and poverty rates, porosity of borders, ethno-religious intolerance, lack of education, corruption amidst security personnel, uneven distribution of scarce national resources and political appointment, and injustice to victims. These factors are discussed below:

High rate of poverty and unemployment: In 2019, the unemployment rate in Nigeria stood at 23.1% and underemployment at 16.6%, as given by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Also, Nigeria was tagged as the poverty headquarters in the global poverty ranking. Poverty and unemployment leads to frustration and desperation among the youths who now resort to kidnapping and other criminal activities for survival. It a popular saying that an idle mind is the devil’s workshop and an idle mind is gullible and highly vulnerable to crime.

Porosity of borders: Nigeria borders are terribly porous. The influx of strangers, arms and ammunition has contributed largely to our insecurity. Adding to this ordeal, there are no good records of Nigerian citizens; as such, the Nigerien, Chadian, Benin Republican, Cameroonian or Togolese can claim to be from Kano, Sokoto, Ogun, Cross River or Kwara states respectively. It has also been verified that most of the criminals are foreigners who are fond of indulging in criminal activities and escaping to their various countries through our porous borders.

Ethno-religious intolerance: Since independence, Nigeria has been bedeviled with ethno-religious conflicts caused by allegations of oppression, intimidation, marginalization, and widespread nepotism. Major riots, communal crisis and insurgencies are of ethno-religious origins. This includes the Kaduna (Zangon kataf, Sharia and Mrs World) riots, Shagamu riots, Maitastine riot, Offa-Erin riots, Jukun and Tivs riot and the unending Boko-Haram insurgency. However, religious and political leaders are the oxygen fueling these crises with their inciting statements and harsh response to unverified rumours.

Lack of education: Major field players of criminal and other heinous acts in Nigeria are reportedly illiterates. Northern states like Kaduna, Kano, Niger and Nasarawa states have come to see the need to implement, encourage and inculcate western education in the lives of its youths and children/teenagers, thus demolishing archaic beliefs that hinder education.

Corruption amidst security personnels: A large number of Nigerians have lost faith in our security agents. It is believed that one-third (1/3) of Nigerians believe that the security personnels give backups to these criminals earlier mentioned.

Also, the miscreant behaviours of some security personnels are disheartening, as collection of brown envelopes, extorting motorists, victimization and other corrupt vices become the code of conduct of some unpatriotic security personnels.

Uneven distribution of scarce national resources and political appointment: Most Nigerians, especially the southern region perceive that the federal government is being bias and imbalanced in its resource allocation and also political appointments. This has led to the establishment of ethnic agitative bodies such as; Niger Delta Avengers, Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign state of Biafra (MASSOB), etc.

Injustice: Injustice and lack of support to the victims of previous attacks and victims of natural disasters have also contributed to our national insecurity. Victims of previous attacks are probably forced out of their various houses and communities with their oppressors unapprehended. This makes most victims to take the law into their hands thereby resorting to retaliation that results to more attacks.

From the aforementioned causes of insecurity in Nigeria, it is extremely important to note that lack of unity and trust is an impediment to finding solutions to the insecurity problem. In this case, solutions to insecurity requires good leadership and governance, promotion of national unity and regaining populace trust. Regaining the trust of the populace should be a top priority to our leaders. Our religious, community and political leaders need to caution their words and actions as it contribute largely to our country’s stability.

We need to eliminate corruption, strengthen border patrols, provide employment based on merit and not based on connections or political affiliation; we need to speed up the rate of socio-economic and infrastructural development. In addition, Citizens should be enlighten to be conscious of their environment and report any suspicious movements and lawless activities to the security agents, and their anonymity been ensured.

There should be active national and state security intelligence gatherings that will enhance security strategy. The federal government should support community policing to encourage prompt response to crime. There is also the need to sophisticate the operational equipment used by security agencies.

For the goodwill of our only dear country, Nigeria.

By: Abdullateef Lawal,
Country Director,
Global Youth Network

Published by: Ebenezer Otu Sackey,

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Kiko Davis is the only Black woman in the U.S. who owns a bank

Kiko Davis has always known she would be working multiple capacities because she held many interests while growing up.The founder and President of Don Davis Legacy Foundation established in 2016 to continue the legacy and the initiatives of her late husband, Davis, 49, is the majority shareholder of Detroit-based First Independence Bank – one of the top 10 largest Black-owned banks in the United States.

This makes her the only Black woman in the United States who owns a bank, according to Black Business.

True to the opening paragraph of this article apropos – working multiple capacities – Davis is also the managing director of Groonvesville Production and Publishing LLC which controls the Grammy Award-winning music catalog of her late husband – Don Davis. He was an American record producer, songwriter, and guitarist who combined a career in music and one in banking.

Speaking to Rolling Out, on her feat, Davis said women of color have an innate warrior spirit that “makes us inherently effective at leading and at winning.”

According to her, strength, courage, intelligence and analytical ability are hallmarks of any great leader; however, a warrior spirit goes beyond just that. 

“We possess a level of empathy for people in general with a higher level of sensitivity towards women and minorities. Often times, it’s a skill set that unfortunately some men and non-minorities do not possess. They simply are socialized differently. I believe in order to lead people effectively you must be able to understand them, or at least want to,” she told Rolling Out.

Davis has three success habits she goes by daily – pray, eat healthily and exercise in the morning.

Going through those give her the energy to face the day and any challenges that may present itself along the way.

“I also make sure I surround myself with positive like-minded people every day. Even Wonder Woman has moments of weakness, that’s when she calls for back up from her Super Friends! Always make sure your circle is energized and prepared to battle evil!” she stated.

According to her, what makes her unique as an African American female leader, is her ability to genuinely connect with people and inspire a culture of synergy.“It’s a God-given talent that comes naturally,” Davis mentioned. “People tend to lend the very best of themselves when they feel leaders are passionate about them and their environment.”

Asked why it is important for seasoned and experienced Black women to reach back and help younger women of color, Davis replied:I believe in the adage: ‘To whom much is given, much is required.’ I believe giving back is the rent you pay for occupying a seat at the table of success.

“Just like an apartment, if you don’t pay your rent, you can be evicted. More than being the right thing to do, it empowers you.”

“Helping others reach their full potential adds more to your life than anyone could ever take away. Everyone needs a good mentor or teacher to guide them on their journey to greatness. Plus, it just down-right feels good,” she added.

Davis opined she is greatly inspired by Shirley Chisolm, the first Black congresswoman and the first major-party Black candidate to run for president in 1972.“I want to thank her for being fearless. She faced intense racism, bigotry, misogyny, and even several assassination attempts, all for the platform of equality, education, and justice. One of my favorite quotes by Chisolm is, “In the end, anti-Black, anti-female, and all forms of discrimination are equivalent to the same thing: anti-humanism,” she said.

2020 Arthur C. Helton Fellowship Program (Win Micro-grants of $2,000)

Fellowship Program
  • Washington, DC

Established in 2004, the Arthur C. Helton Fellowship Program recognizes the legacy of Arthur Helton, a prominent human rights advocate and ASIL member. Helton died in the August 19, 2003 bombing of the UN mission in Baghdad together with UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Sergio Viera de Mello and 20 others.

Funded by contributions from ASIL members, interest groups, and private foundations, Helton Fellowships provide financial assistance in the form of “micro-grants” for law students and young professionals to pursue fieldwork and research on significant issues involving international law, human rights, humanitarian affairs, and related areas.

Since its founding the Helton Fellowship Program has supported more than 80 young lawyers pursue projects on four continents, expanding the capacity of dozens of international and non-governmental organizations.

Fellows undertake their projects in association with an established educational institution, international organization, governmental agency, or non-governmental organization working in areas related to international law, human rights, and humanitarian affairs. ASIL does not assist in securing organizational sponsorship for Fellows. In acknowledgment of Arthur Helton’s commitment to human rights and humanitarian affairs in the field, preferential consideration may be given to applications demonstrating a significant fieldwork component as well as those involving the human rights of refugees, internally displaced persons, and other vulnerable populations. Applications for fieldwork in the area of international criminal law and international humanitarian law are also encouraged.

Helton Fellowship micro-grants are intended to ensure that these individuals have access to modest amounts of funding that can often stand between them and their first professional opportunities to become effective practitioners, experts, and scholars of international law. The fellowships are intended to help cover travel, housing, living expenses, and other costs related to the Fellow’s fieldwork and research.


United States


  • Provide financial assistance in the form of “micro-grants” of $2,000 for law students and new professionals to pursue fieldwork and research on significant issues involving international law, human rights, humanitarian affairs, and related areas.
  • The fellowships are intended to help cover travel, housing, living expenses, and other costs related to the Fellow’s fieldwork and research.


  • The Helton Fellowship Program seeks applicants in the early stages of their academic and professional careers who demonstrate the potential to make significant contributions to the use and study of international law around the world.
  • Law students, practicing lawyers, human rights professionals, scholars, and other individuals seeking assistance in conducting international fieldwork and law-related research are encouraged to apply.
  • Applicants can be of any nationality but must be current law students or have graduated from law school (at either the undergraduate or graduate levels) no earlier than December 2017.
  • In order to ensure the quality and applicability of their proposal, applicants must obtain written support for their fieldwork or research project from a sponsoring organization.
  • This organization can be an educational institution, international organization, governmental agency, or nongovernmental organization working in international law, human rights, humanitarian affairs, international criminal law, or related areas.
  • The sponsoring organization must provide a letter of support for the applicant clearly indicating their awareness of the proposed project, the role that they will play in assisting the potential Helton Fellow in completing the project, and the value of the project to the organization’s mission, the surrounding region, and/or the relevant field of
    international law.
  • Individuals pursuing independent research or fieldwork are not eligible for Helton Fellowships.
  • Applicants should also identify other potential sources of funding to cover costs related to their fieldwork.
  • ASIL does not assist in securing organizational sponsorship or alternative funding for Fellows.
  • Fellows must begin their fieldwork between April 2020 and September 2020.
  • Helton Fellow projects must be completed no later than March 2021.
  • In acknowledgment of Arthur C. Helton’s commitment to human rights and humanitarian affairs in the field, preferential consideration may be given to applications demonstrating a significant fieldwork component as well as those involving the human rights of refugees, internally displaced persons, and other vulnerable populations.
  • Applications for fieldwork in the area of international criminal law and international humanitarian law are also encouraged.
  • Applicants will be considered by the Helton Fellowship Selection Committee on the basis of the written materials included in the application package.
  • No interviews or any other communications with applicants will be conducted.

Eligible Regions: Open for all.

Application Process

Successful applications must be submitted by the deadline to fellowship@asil.org and must include the following materials:

  • Helton Fellowship application form
  • Project Budget
  • Writing Sample (limit of 10 pages)
  • Current CV or résumé
  • Confirmation of law student status and/or date of graduation from law school
  • Letter of support from your sponsoring organization, including details of your proposed project, the impact of the project to the sponsoring organization, on the region, or in the relevant field of international law and
  • Two letters of recommendation or support

Application Deadline: January 27, 2020

Official link

World Innovation Summit for Education (WISE) AWARDS 2020 – Apply Now To Stand A Chance To Win US$20,000

Since 2009, WISE has received more than 3,000 applications from over 150 countries. Today, 66 projects have been awarded, from a wide variety of sectors and locations for their innovation, positive contribution and ability to adapt to changing trends in the society.

The Awards highlight initiatives found to be most creative and effective in finding solutions to education challenges at any level and in all environments. In bringing forward these models, WISE is helping build a network of recognized change-makers to inspire transformation and innovation in education.

Each year, the WISE Awards recognizes and promotes six innovative projects that address global education challenges and transforming communities. The selected projects are models of excellence that serve as an inspiration for others to improve education through innovation and creative action.


Each WISE Awards winning project will receive US$20,000 and will benefit from increased public interest through media exposure and other channels. The WISE Awards is not a grant scheme aimed at supporting projects, nor is it intended to be a source of funding for new and untried ideas. Any such applications or nominations will not be considered.


The WISE Awards recognize innovative educational projects that have already demonstrated a transformative impact on individuals, communities, and society.

  • The ideal project would be an ongoing, innovative and impactful education initiative that:
  • Has an excellent record of proven success
  • Is financially sustainable
  • Has a clear plan indicating the project’s future objectives and future development
  • Is scalable
  • Is replicable in other contexts and regions of the world
  • Has a clear understanding and knowledge of:
    – its innovative nature;
    – its distinctiveness within its sphere of action, and;
    – the type and depth of its impact on its beneficiaries.




  • Each WISE Awards winning project will receive US$20,000 and will benefit from increased public interest through media exposure and other channels.
  • The WISE Awards is not a grant scheme aimed at supporting projects, nor is it intended to be a source of funding for new and untried ideas. Any such applications or nominations will not be considered.


  • The 2020 WISE Awards submission procedure accepts both applications and nominations.
  • Ongoing/existing education projects run by any type of organization such as colleges, universities, academic networks, schools consortia, civil society and community organizations, governments, international agencies and private-sector companies working in the field of education are invited to apply or nominate.
  • Projects can also belong to any education sector such as pre-primary, primary, secondary, tertiary, vocational training, higher education, special needs education, education for people with disabilities, informal learning, and distance-based, non-formal and lifelong learning.
  • Finally, projects from any part of the world can apply or be nominated for the WISE Awards.
  • Anyone who has submitted a previous application to the WISE Awards can submit a new application for the same – or for a different – project.
  • Previous recipients of the WISE Awards are not eligible to apply for the 200 WISE Awards. Moreover, others involved in the projects and/or activities that have received previous WISE Awards are not eligible to apply on behalf of the same project or activity.

Eligible Regions: Open for all.

Application Process

In order for the application/nomination form to be eligible, your submission must:

  • Be entered into the official form on the online system (curriculum vitae or other forms of documents will not be considered)
  • Be complete and accurate
  • Be submitted in English
  • Be submitted online by the official deadline
  • In the case of an application, the form must include the contact details of two supporters (e.g. former donors, local governments, other NGOs, etc.)

Application Deadline: January 20, 2020 (3 Days Remaining)



 For Further Queries

Contact at awards@wise.org.qa 

Google Hash Code team-based Programming Competition 2020 for a US$8,000 prize money

Application Deadline:February 17 2020, 11:00 (UTC)

Hash Code is a team programming competition, organized by Google, for students and professionals around the world. You pick your team and programming language and we pick an engineering problem for you to solve. This year’s contest kicks off with an Online Qualification Round, where your team can compete from wherever you’d like, including from one of our Hash Code hubs. Top teams will then be invited to a Google office for the Final Round.

How it works

Once you’ve registered for the contest, you’ll gain access to our Judge System. The Judge System is our online platform where you’ll form your team, join a hub, practice, and compete during the rounds. During the Online Qualification Round, you’ll watch our YouTube livestream to be introduced to the problem, and your team will have four hours to solve an optimization problem using the programming language and tools of your choice.

Teams can compete from a local hub or another location of their choice.

The top teams from the Online Qualification Round will be invited to the Final Round at a Google office, where they’ll work together to solve another challenge and compete for cash prizes

How to Enter.

Profile Creation and Contest Registration.

  • (A) To enter a Contest, you must first create a profile at g.co/codingcompetitions (“Contest Profile”). Once your Contest Profile has been created, you will be able to register for Contests. You will be required to provide additional information about yourself when registering for Contests.
  • (B) You may access each of your Contest registrations on the applicable Contest websites or through your Contest Profile.
  • (C) Registration times are listed on the applicable Contest websites. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR DETERMINING THE CORRESPONDING TIME IN YOUR TIME ZONE. Google may modify the opening and closing dates for registration by an informational notice on the applicable Contest website. You are responsible for frequently reviewing Contest details on the applicable Contest website.
  • (D) You must register for each Contest before you can participate in such Contest. For example, if you registered for Code Jam and wanted to participate in Hash Code, you would still need to register for the Hash Code Contest. If you have created a Contest Profile but have not registered for a Contest, then you are not eligible to participate in such Contest.
  • (E) You may only register for a Contest with one (1) valid Contest Profile. If you compete in a Contest using multiple Contest Profiles, you may be disqualified.
  • (F) All the data provided through the profile creation and registration process must be complete, correct and provided in English.

For More Information: